Get the Facts: Nigeria Print E-mail
Nigeria at a glance
Government type: Federal Republic of 36 states and Federal Capital Territory (Abuja)
Languages: English (official), Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Fulani, Kanuri, and others
Ethnic groups: More than 250 ethnic groups; Hausa-Fulani, Igbo, Yoruba, and Kanuri are the most populous
Religious beliefs: Muslim, Christian, indigenous beliefs
Economy (% of GDP): Agriculture 27%, Industry 49%, Services 24%
Total population: 148 million
Percent of the population under the age of 15: 45%
Urban population: 47%
Life expectancy: 47 years

Focus on reproductive health

Total fertility rate (average number of children born to a woman in her lifetime): 5.9
Contraceptive prevalence rate (among married women aged 15-49): 8% (modern methods): 12% (all methods)
A Woman’s Lifetime Risk of Dying from Maternal Causes: 1 in 18
Percent of births attended by skilled health personnel: 35%*
In Nigeria abortion is legal to save the life of the woman.

Focus on young people

Percentage of females ages 15-19 who have ever been married: 33%
Percentage of females who have given birth by age 18: 28%
Condom use by young people (15-24) at higher risk sex (2000-2006): Males 46%, Females 24%**

Focus on HIV/AIDS***

Adults 15+ living with HIV (2007): 2,400,000
Women 15+ living with HIV (2007): 1,400,000
Women 15+ as a percentage of all adults 15+ living with HIV (2007): 58.3%
Adult (15-49) HIV prevalence rate (2007): 3.1%
Young women (15-24) HIV prevalence rate (2007): 2.3%
Young men (15-24) HIV prevalence rate (2007): .8%
HIV prevalence rate among female sex workers in capital city (Abuja City, 2007): 32.7%

Focus on gender

Literacy rate for women (ages 15-24): 88%
Literacy rate for men (ages 15-24): 92%
From 1995-2002, 48% of females ages 15+ were economically active compared to 87% of males ages 15+
Expected number of years of formal female schooling:* 8
Ratio of estimated female to male earned income:*.41
Participation of women in national government (% seats held by women):*7%

Source: Population Reference Bureau,

*Save the Children, State of the World’s Mothers 2008: Closing the Survival Gap for Children Under 5, May 2008.

**World Health Organization, World Health Statistics 2008, May 2008.

*** UNAIDS, 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, July 2008.

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